The centre of socio-political history
The library funds
The fund of the centre of socio-political history is the richest thematic collection of more than 2,2 millions of books, periodicals, leaflets contain the information about the history of social thought in the XVI-XXI centuries, philosophy, the history of law, political, social and economic history of Russia, European countries and North America. Our collections about the history of work, working relationships, the history of domestic and foreign socio-political movements are in the top three of the best world collections.
During the century the library of the Marx-Engels Institute, the Lenin Institute, the Committee on the history of the October Revolution and the history of the «Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks), The Communist International, the Marx-Engels Institute to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union have become part of the library fund consistently. This library was the main book depository of the party.
Book’s collections of the XVI-XIX centuries about social and political history of Germany, France, England, the Benelux countries, Southern Europe and North America, pre-revolutionary political history of Russia, the history of the Russian abroad in the XIX-XX centuries, the history of the world democratic and communist movements. Former party ideologists gathered not only works of Marx, Engels, Lenin, but in 1920-1930 bought the most valuable editions on the Ancient, Mediaeval history, philosophy, the history of economy, the rare books with the editions of Ancient and Roman philosophers, Descartes, Spinoza, Bacon, Diderot, Voltaire, Kant, Fichte, Hegel, Feuerbach, etc., trying to show the role and global significance of Marxism–Leninism.
Among the great number of invaluable editions, large literature collection of the period of the French Revolution of the XVIII century, pamphlets, journals, newspapers of those times, collections of songs, leaflets, posters, booklets, relating to the period of the Western European Revolution of 1848-1849 should be noticed. A unique on completeness collection of documents and media of the First International is of interest of researchers. In general, the library has invaluable collections of documents about the history of the first, the second and the third Internationals.
It is doubtful that it is possible to find better funds which contain the information about socio-political history of Russia, the history of all Russian pre-revolutionary social groups, parties and movements, then in the Centre of socio-political history of the State Historic Public Library of Russia. Social-democratic part of the fund and another part about the socialist revolutionary party are collected completely.
The collection of Russian revolutionary literature consists of four thousand legal and illegal books and booklets, 42 thousand manifestoes of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party and 72 thousand leaflets of different pre-revolutionary political parties and groups in Russia, from Narodnik, Bolshevik, revolutionary socialism to monarchic, Black Hundred, etc.
The Russian Revolutions, the Russian Civil War, the formation of the Russian State, the development of the party and countries leadership (there are all power levels — from the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union to district committees) for seven decades — all these themes are exist in our funds on exclusively completeness and carefulness.
It is worthwhile to note another distinguishing feature of funds of Centre of Socio-political History. It is the richest incomparable collection of abroad and domestic media of the XVIII-XIX centuries. Especially, from the period of the French Revolution to the period of the Russian Revolutions and the Russian Civil War.